Topi Kettunen

Fragmented essay on computer science and art


AI, Arts and the Future

March, 2021

Since the discussion about artificial intelligence has become mainstream, I have started to ponder the possible impacts AI might have on our day-to-day lives. While I work in tech, I come from this “culture and arts” background at least a little bit. I did some theatre when I was young and also have worked with music in one way or another for most of my life. This kind of background has got me thinking about how AI could affect these fields.

We have already seen multiple interdisciplinary works mixing artificial intelligence with various art forms, like drawings, paintings, music etc. Already drawings and paintings generated with AI present a superb quality in those, in which you cannot make a clear distinction from if these were created by AI or a real human. On the other hand, music is not quite at that level yet, at least in my opinion. At least in the form of an entirely generated song by AI. That being said, I have heard great pieces which utilize both human touch and AI, where AI plays more of a supportive role in the whole work. Similar things can be seen in all the forms of creative endeavours where AI could be utilized.

If AI gets used more and more in these creative projects with great success, to me, it raises a question, can human art be entirely replaced with AI? I believe it would be naive to say that it couldn’t. Especially thinking about the possible future where we cannot distinguish humans from computers, how we could distinct this kind of smaller medium like song or book on how it was created or who created it? As a consumer of these kinds of mediums, does it matter if some algorithms made your new favourite novel if it can provide the same feeling that you might get from reading a regular author’s book?

They Are Taking Our Jobs

To put it shortly, AI can replace anyone’s job who happens to handle bits in one way or another. This means that in these kinds of jobs, AI can do it way better than you ever can. When we talk about “creative jobs”, how you can do it better than someone else? Are you possibly better at drawing than someone else? Or can you compose better symphonies than someone else? What makes you better? Is it purely a technical thing, or is there something else? When we talk about painting or drawing’s technicality, sure, you could argue that your “pen strokes”, etc. might be better than someone else’s. But does this make it better art?

Already there has been a trend of AI-generated music populating different streaming platforms. Currently, that music has almost always been something simple, in which AI definitely can excel. This could be called elevator music or Muzak. This kind of music is most likely something that many people wouldn’t mind that it’s generated with computer and lacks the human touch. But how people would feel if there would be a chart-topping song that was entirely generated with AI? I believe many people wouldn’t like that, other than a few tech geeks who might think it could be cool (me included).

Could then AI fully replace the human touch in our art forms? We might wait for that to happen for a very long time. Still, as I said earlier, it would be naive to think that this couldn’t happen, especially in the future, where we have reached a certain level of intelligence where we can’t distinguish each other from humans and machines.

So what could this mean for our “blue-collar” artists? What could be the driving force for them to create new art if the possible audience doesn’t know if it was created by computer or human? To me, that seems very grim.

Creative Programming

If we can’t beat them, join ‘em? Right? If we think that this will be the future, while it might not be a very uplifting thing to consider, it’ll most likely be very realistic. While I think that AI will have some bad repercussions on our life in the future, I also believe that it can be used for great good. Whether AI is used in health, fighting climate change etc., there are many good use cases. In my opinion, utilizing AI in the arts is also one of them. Should you create your next song or novel entirely with AI? Possibly no, although GPT-3 has shown some great results on how good text it can write.

I personally at least like to write or play music, so I don’t want to replace the process that I enjoy so much with something artificial. So the way I could utilize it in my creative endeavours is by working with it side by side. Possibly, it could generate some ideas for me for my next blog post, novel, poem or whatever. AI could be taught with the text of a long list of your favourite authors or songs by your favourite bands. Based on this knowledge, maybe some of the possible ideas it could generate could then be finished by a human giving the final piece that human touch.

Conclusion

So while the future might look dark and grim for us, maybe we could make some use of it, so at least we might have a little bit of enjoyment. Thankfully we are a long way from this singularity that many people tend to talk about, but the trend has shown to be moving towards that kind of future. So rather than fighting against it, at least personally, I want to make the best use of our technical achievements in one way or another. Who knows if the next big novel or piece is created along with AI or some other great technological invention. That being said, I have already found many great ways to utilize AI in my creative projects, so who knows what might come out of those.

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